Lily B

Airbag: Automorive Safety Innovations

According to statistics, about half of all accidents occur in frontal collisions of cars. In a collision at high speed, drivers of vehicles, without special protective systems, have a low probability of staying alive, no matter how regrettable it may sound. One of the components of such systems is the airbag – a device that is designed to soften the hits taken by the driver and passengers in the event of a car colliding with other vehicles, fences, building walls, trees, etc. At the same time, for the entire existence of airbags, many types of them have been created. We will tell you about the classification of airbags and their modern variations. As a responsible motorist, you should choose the best options, when travelling by car. For example, in the USA, you can rent a manual car NYC.

Types of airbags

In modern cars, there are several airbags, and they are located in different parts of the cabin. Based on this, they are divided into the following:

  1. Frontal airbags

They ate used since 1981 in the Mercedes-Benz car brand. At the same time, there are two subtypes of frontal airbags: for the driver and for the passenger in the front.

As a rule, the second subtype airbag can be turned off. Frontal airbags can be called the most technologically advanced. They were first used as a two-stage and multi-stage operation. Structurally, part of the mechanism is located right in the steering wheel, and the second part is closer to the right edge of the front panel.

  1. Head airbags

Drivers often call them simply “curtains”. Designed to protect the heads of passengers who are both in the front and rear row of seats. The mechanism is usually installed in the rear and front parts of the roof and between the pillars.

  1. Side airbags

They provide additional protection in side collisions. They were first installed in 1994 in Volvo cars, but today they are found not only in vehicles of this brand. In the best airbags of this type, there are two cameras: one soft on top and one hard on the bottom. In some models, they are located on the back of the back seat, most of them in the back of the front seat.

  1. Knee airbags

In the overwhelming majority of cases, they are only in front of the driver, less often – under the glove compartment of the front passenger in the cabin.

  1. Central airbag

It provides even higher protection in side collisions. Thanks to this airbag, in a collision the passengers will not press each other down. The mechanism is located in the center of the back of the back row of seats and in the armrest between the passenger and the driver.

There are some very interesting solutions. Volvo is today a pioneer in external passive protection. Namely, it has created airbag specifically for pedestrians. In 2012, the Pedestrian Airbag System appeared, working in tandem with a video camera, a radar and seven collision sensors. The airbag itself is located under the hood.

Unusual airbag, patented by Porsche

A new type of protective device is able to compensate for the absence of upper curtains or to supplement them. This is an airbag in the front pillar of a convertible.

In the current cabriolets of this brand, head protection with a side impact is still there. This is part of the ‘Porsche Side Impact Protection System’ complex, consisting of bars in the doors, side airbags in the backs of the seats and head airbags, appearing from the top of the door upholstery.

In addition to the airbag, Porsche has patented an active diffuser with moving parts. Moreover, two (or more) of its parts can be adjusted separately, creating a different clamp on the right and left, for example, in turnings.


ZF external airbags

The security concept of the next generation is automotive side external airbags.

Engineers do not stop working on the invention of new safety technologies. The result of it was the creation of external side airbags by the specialists of the German ZF company. The company demonstrated the first prototype of this system at the Airbag 2018 symposium in Mannheim (Germany). The external airbags are placed in the vehicle’s steps. When deployed, one pillow in about 100 milliseconds is pumped up almost the size of the back of a sofa – 2 meters in length and 50 cm in height. Thanks to such dimensions, it closes almost the entire side of the car, creating reliable protection against impact.

Tests have demonstrated that external airbags, designed to be deployed at the last moment before the collision, reduce the severity of the accident and passenger injuries by at least 30%.

According to the developer, external airbags will be the first intellectual system of active security of the next generation. It is likely that they can be useful for unmanned vehicles.


After the traditional frontal airbags, appeared the side and curtain airbags, knee airbags and even the central airbags, between the driver and the front passenger. Designers have come up with traditional airbags, belts and airbags for pedestrians, airbags with a relief valve and internal flexible connections. The evolution of this system never stops and this is a reassuring fact.

Unique Experience: 7 Less-Known Sights in Las Vegas

Las Vegas is a city that has become the epicenter of fun. Everyone thinks that there are only casinos, slot machines and other entertainment, forcing wealthy tourists to spend their millions.

However, don’t forget that this city was previously one of the most important strategic sites in the middle of the desert, and the sights of which it can boast are not only casinos and expensive penthouses. Las Vegas itself and its surroundings keep many unique places for travelers. After arriving in the city, pick up airport van rental in Las Vegas and start your adventure immediately by visiting the following amazing places…

Hoover Dam

Hoover Dam and Power House

One of the most beautiful dams in the world is located in the heart of the arid valleys of Nevada near Las Vegas. Its construction was completed in 1935 and since then it has become not only an important object for the state, but also a tourist attraction.

Firstly, Lake Mead was formed thanks to this dam – this is a favorite vacation spot of many travelers and locals. Secondly, the dam is surrounded by bridges and roads, thus everyone can enjoy mind-blowing landscapes while driving a car, or strolling along the bridge. This is exactly what many people who got to this wonderful place do.


Discovery Children’s Museum

DISCOVERY Children's Museum, Las Vegas, NV

Discovery Channel is known to everyone since long time ago, but sometimes everything that is told on it – is not entirely clear even to an adult.

Not far from Las Vegas, the local authorities created a children’s museum, which presents all things and phenomena in nature and science in the most simple and understandable way. Undoubtedly, this is a very interesting place, since the kids simply don’t want to leave it. The museum’s exhibits can be touched, moved, and explored.


TopGolf Las Vegas

Top Golf

(photo by Brandon Johnson)

Golf is a game that for many decades has been the most favorite activity of many people. But, alas, not everyone could afford to play it, and feel comfortable at the same time.

However, TopGolf Las Vegas proved that nothing is impossible. This is just something unreal that a very impressive in size golf course is located on the top floor of a skyscraper. While hitting golf balls on the grass, you can enjoy a gorgeous view of Las Vegas and be completely independent of weather conditions. Also, the complex features a bar, several lounge areas, a swimming pool and other amenities that are valued by travelers.


The Mob Museum


In the world capital of the casino there’s another uncommon museum, which should be visited anyway. It focuses almost everything that’s related to the Mafia of the 30s, whose activities flourished in the United States.

Newspaper clippings, weapons, clothing, items found in the homes and offices of the main Mafiosi – all this is available now to public. Sometimes thematic evenings are held in the museum, where you can reincarnate either as a cop or a criminal and feel the retro atmosphere.


Red Rock Canyon

Road & Rocks

The nature of Nevada is unique – it has no analogues all over the world. Many people dream that someday they will be able to walk along the canyons of the Grand Canyon, but this is an expensive pleasure.

If you don’t take into account the popular route, and go to the Red Rock Canyon, which surrounds Las Vegas, then you’ll get the same amazing impressions. This is an awesome place, albeit very hot. There are both hiking trails, which are used for guided tours, and highways for those who wish to explore the canyon in a more comfortable way.


Pinball Hall of Fame

Pinball Hall of Fame - new machine row

The creator of this establishment was just a fan of this simple game. He set his records for a long time, competed with the opponents, and at a mature age he decided to open a real museum, where anyone can also play this game.

The hall is full of pinball machines: the oldest one, released many decades ago opens the list of and the newest model closes it. This entertainment is quite affordable, plus, you cannot even play, but just look at this miracle – the entrance to the hall is absolutely free of charge. However, the fans of the game regularly spend most of their time there and organize tournaments where you can also take part.


‘Dig This’ Experience

Dig This! Las Vegas sooooo fun!!

In childhood, many boys dreamed of going behind the wheel of an excavator. Not everyone’s dream came true and this entertainment was created in order to understand what it was like to be an excavator driver. Modern excavators are placed on a huge area and, having rented one of them, you can drive on it, dig the ground, tear down the walls and do whatever your heart desires.

By the way, there are several smaller landfills nearby for younger visitors – they feature electric excavators. Quite often contests, races and other events are held there, and you can participate and get a lot of new impressions.